CFR Presents

Asia Unbound

CFR experts give their take on the cutting-edge issues emerging in Asia today.

Print Print Cite Cite
Style: MLA APA Chicago Close


China’s Real Soft Power: Chen Guangcheng

by Elizabeth C. Economy
May 31, 2012

Chen Guangcheng speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations headquarters in New York City on May 31, 2012 (Don Pollard / Council on Foreign Relations). Chen Guangcheng speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations headquarters in New York City on May 31, 2012 (Don Pollard / Council on Foreign Relations).


Politicians and pundits in Washington have it all wrong. Chinese activist Chen Guangcheng is not going to be a political football in U.S. election-year politics or a poster boy for one side of a domestic debate or another. Rather, Chen has the potential to emerge as the most potent weapon in China’s otherwise fairly dismal arsenal of soft power.

In his moving and often profound commentary on May 31 here at the Council on Foreign Relations, Chen revealed himself as an optimist and a Chinese patriot: optimistic about his own future and ability to travel back and forth between China and the rest of the world; optimistic about the inherent goodness of the Chinese people, who want to do the right thing; and optimistic that democracy—in one form or another—will emerge sooner rather than later in China.

Of course, part of Chen’s story underscores the dark side of contemporary Chinese political life: the extreme and pervasive levels of corruption and violence—who knew that a senior Shandong official blew up his mistress of thirteen years with a remote-control bomb?—the continued threats to the safety and well-being of Chen’s own family members who remain in China, and the utter system of lawlessness that pervades the local system of governance. Yet, Chen, in his remarks, never wavered in his belief that time was on the side of right.

For the United States, Chen’s message was clear: keep human rights at the top of the agenda in the bilateral relationship. He didn’t call for Washington to ignore the broader relationship, but for him, human rights is the most essential value when compared to any other interest. Moreover, as he noted, China is in the midst of an historic transition and external pressure can play an important and positive role.

For the most part, however, Chen, like many Chinese and outside observers, recognizes that change in China will be fundamentally a function of the Chinese people—the path they choose, and the steps they take. And here too, he is an optimist, noting that the ability of the Chinese people to disseminate information means that change will come quickly.

In the end, Chen accomplished in an hour of free speech what the billions of dollars behind China’s go-out media strategy have never achieved: a balanced and nuanced portrayal of this complex country that left his audience with not only a better understanding of China but also a greater admiration for the Chinese people themselves. Now it is just up to Beijing to live up to Chen’s faith.

Post a Comment 6 Comments

  • Posted by Frankie Fook-lun Leung

    Mr. Chen’s remarks seem too vague to be of guidance for future actions. He should have been asked when he decided to change his mind from wanting to stay in the country to leave the country, what would he think the Chinese government want to do. In the future, whether Chen could move in and out of China is not something he can dictate.

  • Posted by Howard Jia

    He knows something that we in the U.S. do not, having survived the great escape from his village. He is right on the money by saying “keep human rights at the top of the agenda “. Our government has misread China for decades. Chinese leaders care about the U.S. opinion more than they do to Chinese people. Emphasizing human rights will HELP (not hurt) the long term sino – US relationship.

  • Posted by Frankie Fook-lun Leung

    It is unfortunate that any dialogue the USA try to engage with China ends in a name shouting game between their respective government’s spokesperson. I have lectured in 40 universities and professional groups in China, they are disinclined to hear subjects like human rights. They like contract law or financial/securities regulations better. One day this has to change.

  • Posted by Frankie Fook-lun Leung

    what China fails to understand is that in the US, academia, big corporations, think tanks, Congress, the media, the Executive branches of the government or even private citizens who express opinions is a very intricate network. Sometimes they speak with one voice and more often they do not. China believes it can only allow all their speakers whoever they are, sing in unison. They mistakenly call it soft power.

  • Posted by stentor tropicalia

    They mistakenly call it soft power.

    Nothing else needs to be said.

  • Posted by Frankie Fook-lun Leung

    A year has gone by. Now Chen alleges that NYU is under pressure from China to kick him out.

Post a Comment

CFR seeks to foster civil and informed discussion of foreign policy issues. Opinions expressed on CFR blogs are solely those of the author or commenter, not of CFR, which takes no institutional positions. All comments must abide by CFR's guidelines and will be moderated prior to posting.

* Required