John Campbell

Africa in Transition

Campbell tracks political and security developments across sub-Saharan Africa.

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In Nigeria’s Plateau State, Christian Muslim Killings Continue

by John Campbell
February 23, 2011

A sign is seen at a police check point near the main market following recent violent clashes in Nigeria's central city of Jos February 15, 2011. (Afolabi Sotunde/Courtesy Reuters)

With the atrocities in Libya dominating today’s news cycle, it is easy to forget the ongoing ethnic and religious murders continuing in Nigeria’s Plateau state, especially in and around the state capital of Jos. An astute American resident who runs a nearby farm reports in her latest letter, published on the Niger Delta Working Group Blog, the nightly killings, the de facto division of Jos into Muslim and Christians parts, and the disruption of commerce.

The situation is actually more frightening than open fighting because every day there are silent killings of individuals, mainly youth, who go into areas of the other faith. Muslim okada riders are killed in Christian areas, and Christian youth (also mainly on motorcycles) are killed in Muslim areas. This happens both at night and during day times. There is incredible bitterness on both sides. A lot of the killing is done between youth who actually know each other and were previously friends before the crisis intervened. Everyone is afraid to move freely around the town, and most people stay in their immediate environment where they have a sense of some security.

Many of the killers and their victims apparently know each other, recalling aspects of the genocide in Rwanda, and revenge has now joined religion and ethnicity as causes of the violence. The Nigerian federal government and the Plateau state government appear impotent, despite the large number of federal troops stationed in the area. It is difficult to predict what might end the vicious cycle, absent forceful federal intervention, such as the declaration of a state of emergency. But President Goodluck Jonathan appears reluctant to take such a step.

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  • Posted by Joseph

    Sir, with all due respect, while I think the analogy with Rwanda is somewhat apt, I think the peculiarity of the situation resembles the kind of encounters the European settlers had with Native Americans 3-400 years ago. To compensate for the types of ills that took place back then, the US government had to create reserves/settlements for the natives where they can create their own laws and so on. Same here in Canada. The real issue is minorities in Plateau who happen to be Christians feel there is a conspiracy by the northern Muslim oligarchy to forcefully islamize them using the apparatus of the Federal Govt., Jos, and indeed Plateau State needs the types of laws the is aimed at the preservation of minorities which is lacking in the constitution. That is why people in Jos can get edgy like those in Arizona where they see themselves being “invaded” by foreign elements and would go the extra steps to make laws to protect themselves. I am from Jos and now live in Canada by the way, so I understand the problems there…

  • Posted by Stormy

    I really dont understand why christians would kill other people.If there real christians then they would let god handle it, even if they are standing up for what they beleive in.

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