John Campbell

Africa in Transition

Campbell tracks political and security developments across sub-Saharan Africa.

Print Print Cite Cite
Style: MLA APA Chicago Close


Discordant Voices in the “New Nigeria” Trope

by Guest Blogger for John Campbell
March 13, 2013

A man walks on a pedestrian bridge overlooking traffic in Lagos, Nigeria, September 18, 2006. (Akintunde Akinleye/Courtesy Reuters)


This is a guest post by Jim Sanders, a career, now retired, West Africa watcher for various federal agencies. The views expressed below are his personal views and do not reflect those of his former employers.

Alexis Okeowo’s recent article in Bloomberg Businessweek on Aliko Dangote, “Africa’s Richest Man Is Just Getting Started,” paints a positive picture of Nigeria’s economic prospects. Included in Goldman Sachs’ “Next 11 list of the most promising twenty-first century economies,” and seen by Citigroup as a “3G,” i.e., a global growth generator, Nigeria is perceived as booming, and Dangote’s success appears to be a product of “broader improvements in the country’s business environment.”

Earlier this year, the Financial Times, citing among other factors the country’s 6 percent growth rate and Standard & Poor’s rating upgrade, judged that Nigeria’s economy was taking off, so much so that its “economic trajectory” posed a threat to South Africa’s “pre-eminent” position.

But while the financial press continues to gush about the amount of money to be made in the country, a range of Nigerian voices are expressing fear and anger. Former World Bank official Oby Ezekwesili’s passionate convocation address at the University of Nigeria Nsukka in January criticized an “indulgent elite class” that had squandered $67 billion in reserves that the Obasanjo administration handed over to its successor government in 2007. Transparency and accountability, key to governance benefiting the general public, remain elusive.

Nigeria’s “indolent elite,” according to Osun State governor Rauf Aregbesola, is largely responsible for the crisis in the North, and he expects that “a similar level of violence may soon occur in other parts of the country.” Tunde Bakare, leader of the Save Nigeria Group, believes “Nigeria needs total cleansing.”  In a sermon at the Latter Rain Assembly church in Lagos, Bakare stated that, “We need what happened in Ghana [public execution of corrupt officials] to happen in Nigeria to send a shock wave to the corrupt people in the country.”

Yet it is those Nigerians without a voice who may matter most.  Writing about her work in Sierra Leone, Cassie Biggs explains that, “When people feel they have nowhere to turn to, violence becomes the only option.”  An associate adds that “if youth are not given a space, they will make one for themselves, often by violent means.”

While the financial community continues to view Nigeria mainly through the lens of growth statistics and market potential, large parts of the country are witnessing “a steady slide into anarchy,” according to a This Day editorial, where laws don’t apply and violence has become the currency of daily life.

Post a Comment 2 Comments

  • Posted by Chike Chukudebelu

    Nigeria is huge, as big as 10 different African nations.

    The point is that Nigeria can be many things at once and all these commentators are right.

    There are parts of Nigeria that are consumed by anarchy and other parts that are barely touched by violence.

    Will the religious violence in the North spread down South? Possible, but unlikely.

  • Posted by Thomas Timberg

    As Gilbert and Sullivan say “I am right, and you are right, and all are right as right can be.” There has and continues to be some economic growth — though any statistics are highly questionable. This is the case in contrast to the period 1965-1995. The growth is slow and the accompanying social transformation slower than one might hope for — Millenium Development Goals, spread of internet, alleviation of poverty — even improvements in infrastructure.

    Exactly who is responsible is complex — but by definition the elite has responsibility — as deeply divided as that elite is. I am intrigued by the Osun Governor’s comment — I don’t know much about him but we are continually hear about positive developments in this or that state but anything to the good is to be welcome.

    Incidentally, is there a reason the Blog hasn’t commented on the pardon for the ex Bayelsa Governor, though perhaps that is simply the payment of a political debt and to be expected.

Post a Comment

CFR seeks to foster civil and informed discussion of foreign policy issues. Opinions expressed on CFR blogs are solely those of the author or commenter, not of CFR, which takes no institutional positions. All comments must abide by CFR's guidelines and will be moderated prior to posting.

* Required