John Campbell

Africa in Transition

Campbell tracks political and security developments across sub-Saharan Africa.

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South Africa’s Mamphela Ramphele Leaves Politics

by John Campbell
July 10, 2014

Anti-apartheid activist Mamphela Ramphele launches her new political party "Agang" to challenge South Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) in Pretoria, June 22, 2013. (Mike Hutchings/Courtesy Reuters)


Mamphela Ramphele, the founder of the political party AgangSA (Agang is the northern Sotho word for ‘build’) in 2013, announced on July 8 that she is leaving politics.

Agang did poorly in the May 7 general elections, receiving only 52,350 votes, or 0.28 percent of the 18,654,771 votes cast. Under proportional representation, Agang has two seats in parliament. Even before the elections, there was nasty infighting within the party that may have contributed to its decline, culminating in recent dueling accusations of fraud.

Ramphele’s departure is a sad end to what has been a brilliant career—although it still may be so again.

She has impeccable “liberation” and other credentials. She was a founder of the Black Consciousness Movement and the mother of two children by Steve Biko, a liberation icon and martyr. She is a medical doctor, a business woman, and an academic. Among other high positions, she has been a managing director at the World Bank and a vice chancellor of the University of Cape Town.

Along with others, she looked to break South African politics out of a racial mold and to provide a genuine alternative to the African National Congress (ANC). In February 2014, it looked like she was joining forces with the formal opposition party, the Democratic Alliance (DA). She and the DA both emphasize the constitution and the rule of law and accuse the ANC of cronyism and corruption.

But the DA’s electoral support comes mostly from whites, Coloureds, and South Asians. DA party leader Helen Zille is seeking to attract black voters, essential if it is to become a genuine alternative party of government. Ramphele, a black woman running on the DA’s presidential ticket, looked like a natural fit. But the effort collapsed after a week, in part because of internal opposition in both parties.

Apparently, the racial issues could not be overcome. After the alliance fell apart, Ramphele said, “Some cannot or will not transcend party politics. We see people still trapped in old-style, race-based politics.” So, Agang contested the May 7 general elections on its own.

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