Steven A. Cook

From the Potomac to the Euphrates

Cook examines developments in the Middle East and their resonance in Washington.

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Showing posts for "Egypt"

Weekend Reading: Remembering Omar Sharif

by Steven A. Cook
Egyptian actor Omar Sharif poses for a photograph during the presentation of his latest film entitled "Disparadme" at a hotel in Aviles, northern Spain, June 16, 2009 (Eloy Alonso/Reuters). Egyptian actor Omar Sharif poses for a photograph during the presentation of his latest film entitled "Disparadme" at a hotel in Aviles, northern Spain, June 16, 2009 (Eloy Alonso/Reuters).

Randa Ali from Al-Ahram remembers legendary Egyptian actor Omar Sharif.

Magdi Abdelhadi laments Omar Sharif’s death as a reminder of a bygone era of Egyptian culture. Read more »

Weekend Reading: Condemning or Condoning Egypt,Urban Redevelopment in Alexandria, and Linking ISIS?

by Steven A. Cook
A boy holds a Tunisian flag as he stands near bouquets of flowers laid at the beachside of the Imperiale Marhabada hotel, which was attacked by a gunman in Sousse, Tunisia (Zohra Bensemra/Reuters). A boy holds a Tunisian flag as he stands near bouquets of flowers laid at the beachside of the Imperiale Marhabada hotel, which was attacked by a gunman in Sousse, Tunisia (Zohra Bensemra/Reuters).

Maged Atiya writes that, two years after, the removal of former President of Egypt Mohammed Morsi is as difficult to condemn as it is to condone.

Amro Ali examines the debate on urban development in Alexandria and the rebuilding of that city’s famed lighthouse. Read more »

Egypt’s Coming Chaos

by Steven A. Cook
Relatives of 21-year-old Mohamed Adel, one of the army officers who died in yesterday's Sinai attacks, carry his coffin during the funeral in Al-Kaliobeya, near Cairo, Egypt, July 2, 2015 (Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters). Relatives of 21-year-old Mohamed Adel, one of the army officers who died in yesterday's Sinai attacks, carry his coffin during the funeral in Al-Kaliobeya, near Cairo, Egypt, July 2, 2015 (Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters).

This article originally appeared here on ForeignPolicy.com on Friday, July 3, 2015.

When Egyptian Prosecutor-General Hisham Barakat’s car was blown up in Cairo this week by as of yet unknown terrorists, there was a profound sense of foreboding that Egypt was in some new, unprecedented phase of violence. These concerns were only reinforced when the Islamic State-affiliated Wilayat Sinai, or “Province of Sinai,” killed dozens of soldiers and policemen in a spectacular raid on the town of Sheikh Zuweid the following day. Egypt is indeed entering unchartered territory, fighting an undeclared war in the Sinai Peninsula that is spreading to population centers in the Nile Valley. It is hard to imagine how Egyptians will avoid a prolonged period of bloodshed. Read more »

Reinventing Egypt’s Jews

by Steven A. Cook
An Egyptian army soldier stands beside a star of David, on a wall surrounding the Israeli Embassy in Cairo September 4, 2011 (Mohamed Abd El-Ghany/Reuters). An Egyptian army soldier stands beside a star of David, on a wall surrounding the Israeli Embassy in Cairo September 4, 2011 (Mohamed Abd El-Ghany/Reuters).

After two millennia, it seems Jews are “in” in the Middle East. In what can only be described as a stunning turn of events, Jews—though not Israelis—have become “What’s Hot” in the region, and the Muslim Brotherhood has become “What’s Not.” The nostalgia for lost Jewish communities has been a recurring theme since at least 2012 with the release of Amir Ramses’ documentary Jews of Egypt. The latest installment is the Egyptian Ramadan serial called The Jewish Alley (Haret el-Yahood). In between, there has been a rediscovery of Jewish life and culture in Tunisia, Morocco, and Lebanon, where the Maghen Abraham synagogue has been undergoing a lengthy renovation. It is easy to overstate the case given Egypt’s recent history of seemingly pathological anti-Semitism, but Egyptians seem to have gone further than others in the region in their rediscovery of Jewish life and culture. This should make well-meaning people feel all warm and fuzzy inside, but what is happening in Egypt is actually less rediscovery than reinvention. Read more »

Weekend Reading: Kurdish in Turkey, The Ghost of Omar Pasha, and Islam vs. Jihadism

by Steven A. Cook
Former spy chief and presidential candidate Omar Suleiman talks during an interview with Reuters at his office in Cairo April 14, 2012 (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters). Former spy chief and presidential candidate Omar Suleiman talks during an interview with Reuters at his office in Cairo April 14, 2012 (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters).

Nadeen Shaker investigates how Turkey’s Kurds are reclaiming their language in the classroom.

Farah Halime of Rebel Economy has published a translation of former Vice President of Egypt Omar Suleiman’s September 2011 court testimony in the case against former President Hosni Mubarak. Read more »

Weekend Reading: Egypt’s Jews, an Afternoon With Hezbollah, and Moroccan Salafis

by Steven A. Cook
An Afghan man reads the Koran on the holy fasting month of Ramadan at a mosque in Herat (Mohammad Shoib/Reuters). An Afghan man reads the Koran on the holy fasting month of Ramadan at a mosque in Herat (Mohammad Shoib/Reuters).

Sigal Samuel reviews a new Ramadan television series about Egypt’s Jewish community.

The Beirut Report recounts the story of a journalist held by Hezbollah in southern Beirut. Read more »

Weekend Reading: Debunking Iraq’s Myth, Demolishing History in Egypt, and Biking Syria’s Civil War

by Steven A. Cook
The word "Mubarak" is seen inside the burnt headquarters of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's political party National Democratic Party (NDP) during its demolition in Cairo, Egypt (Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters). The word "Mubarak" is seen inside the burnt headquarters of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's political party National Democratic Party (NDP) during its demolition in Cairo, Egypt (Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters).

Sara Pursley, in a two-part report on Jadaliyya, debunks the myth of Iraq as an artificial state.

Mahmoud Riad protests the demolition of the National Democratic Party’s headquarters in Cairo. Read more »

“Is Egypt Stable?”

by Steven A. Cook
Ramadan lanterns, known as "fanous", made in the likeness of Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi are displayed for sale at a market in Cairo (Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters). Ramadan lanterns, known as "fanous", made in the likeness of Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi are displayed for sale at a market in Cairo (Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters).

I do not know how many times over how many months that question has been put to my colleagues and me at an endless number of panel discussions, roundtables, hearings, and meetings with our friends in government. It is actually a question more about durability—will President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Egypt’s new/old political order exist anywhere from one year to five years from now?—than stability. The intellectually honest answer is: Maybe, maybe not. That is about as wishy–washy as one can get, but analytically that is likely the best we are going to do. Read more »

Weekend Reading: Egypt’s Money Pit, Morocco’s Jewish Community, and Saudi Civil Society

by Steven A. Cook
Moroccan Jewish men pray at a synagogue in Tetouan (Rafael Marchante/Reuters). Moroccan Jewish men pray at a synagogue in Tetouan (Rafael Marchante/Reuters).

Nizar Manek and Jeremy Hodge chase after $9.4 billion worth of secret accounts and special funds hidden away by top Egyptian officials.

Evelyn Crunden examines how one group in Morocco remembers and revives the country’s Jewish heritage. Read more »

Mothers of the Middle East

by Steven A. Cook
An Egyptian boy attends evening prayers called "Tarawih", during Laylat al-Qadr outside Amr Ibn El-Aas mosque, the first and oldest mosque ever built on the land of Egypt, during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in Cairo September 16, 2009 (Amr Dalsh/Courtesy Reuters). An Egyptian boy attends evening prayers called "Tarawih", during Laylat al-Qadr outside Amr Ibn El-Aas mosque, the first and oldest mosque ever built on the land of Egypt, during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in Cairo September 16, 2009 (Amr Dalsh/Courtesy Reuters).

As I write, Mother’s Day 2015 is coming to a close. It was a special day. Who is better than Mom? I called my mother, made breakfast in bed for my wife, spoke to my mother-in-law, and cheered all the Moms whose photos showed up on my Facebook feed. Yet for all of the celebration of Mom, there remain a few Mothers who—to the best of my knowledge— have gone without recognition this year, which is a bummer for them. So here goes, my favorite Middle Eastern Moms: Read more »