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Showing posts for "Conflict"

UN Human Rights Council Calls for a Mission to Investigate ISIS Violations in Iraq

by Catherine Powell
Displaced people from the minority Yazidi sect, fleeing violence from forces loyal to the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in Sinjar town, walk towards the Syrian border, on the outskirts of Sinjar mountain, in Iraq, August 11, 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Rodi Said). Displaced people from the minority Yazidi sect, fleeing violence from forces loyal to the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in Sinjar town, walk towards the Syrian border, on the outskirts of Sinjar mountain, in Iraq, August 11, 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Rodi Said).

In the midst of an otherwise depressing news cycle on Iraq, the recent resolution out of Geneva from the UN Human Rights Council is a positive note. The resolution, adopted on Monday, requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to dispatch a fact finding mission to Iraq to investigate alleged human rights violations committed by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and associated terrorist groups. Read more »

Prosecuting Sexual Violence Offenders after Conflict

by svonwendel
A Tutsi woman passes between a guerilla from the Rwandan Patriotic Front on the left and a wounded man on the right, Rwanda, May 1994 (Courtesy Reuters). A Tutsi woman passes between a guerilla from the Rwandan Patriotic Front on the left and a wounded man on the right, Rwanda, May 1994 (Courtesy Reuters).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Sigrid von Wendel, who edits the Development Channel.

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The Status of Women and Girls in Iraq and Afghanistan

by Catherine Powell and Guest Blogger for Isobel Coleman
Veiled women walk past a billboard that carries a verse from Koran urging women to wear a hijab in the Islamic State-controlled northern province of Raqqa, Iraq, March 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Stringer). Veiled women walk past a billboard that carries a verse from Koran urging women to wear a hijab in the Islamic State-controlled northern province of Raqqa, Iraq, March 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Stringer).

This post is by Catherine Powell, fellow for CFR’s Women and Foreign Policy Program; and Amelia Wolf, research associate for CFR’s Center for Preventive Action and International Institutions and Global Governance Program.

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Women and Girls in the Afghanistan Transition

by Catherine Powell
An Afghan woman walks inside a police compound in Herat province, Afghanistan, March 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Mohmmad Shoib). An Afghan woman walks inside a police compound in Herat province, Afghanistan, March 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Mohmmad Shoib).

When the Taliban were in power in Afghanistan, they shuttered girls’ schools, segregated many aspects of public life, including the workplace, and prevented women from leaving their homes unless accompanied by a male relative escort. Since those dark days, Afghan women and girls have pushed diligently to expand their rights and remove gender restrictions on access to education, work, and health care. Read more »

Combating Sexual Assault in Conflict

by svonwendel
A woman holding a newborn stands in front of African Union troops in the Central African Republic, April 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Siegfried Modola). A woman holding a newborn stands in front of African Union troops in the Central African Republic, April 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Siegfried Modola).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Sigrid von Wendel, who edits the Development Channel and Democracy in Development blogs.

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Child Brides Caught in Conflict

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Krishna, above, was married when she was 11 and had her first child at age 14. Baran, India, January 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Danish Siddiqui). Krishna, above, was married when she was 11 and had her first child at age 14. Baran, India, January 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Danish Siddiqui).

In conflict zones, some families view child marriage as a way to preserve their daughter’s honor and protect her from the sexual assault and gender-based violence that commonly occurs in warzones and refugee camps. In reality, however, child marriage only further threatens girls in unstable environments.

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Is a Start-Up Spring Coming to the Middle East?

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Young entrepreneurs at Oasis 500, a seed investment firm based in Amman, Jordan that finances start-ups in the Middle East, November 2011. (Courtesy Reuters/Muhammad Hamed). Young entrepreneurs at Oasis 500, a seed investment firm based in Amman, Jordan that finances start-ups in the Middle East, November 2011. (Courtesy Reuters/Muhammad Hamed).

The Middle East is seldom associated with the start-up world. When thinking of the region, few imagine entrepreneurs working away, hustling to secure funding and find customers for their fledgling businesses. But that image is increasingly a reality. Read more »

New From CFR: Petroleum to the People

by Development Channel Staff
Nigerians scoop petrol after a Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation pipeline burst in April 2006 (Courtesy Reuters). Nigerians scoop petrol after a Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation pipeline burst in April 2006 (Courtesy Reuters).

In a recent Foreign Affairs article, Larry Diamond and Jack Mosbacher discuss Africa’s resource curse and development strategies that could help avoid it. Read more »

New From CFR: John Campbell on Doctors Without Borders Leaving Somalia

by Development Channel Staff
Residents stand outside a medical center run by Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) in central Mali, February 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Alain Amontchi). Residents stand outside a medical center run by Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) in central Mali, February 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Alain Amontchi).

Doctors Without Borders recently announced that they will be leaving Somalia, due to an uptick in violence against medical personnel. Read more »

New From CFR: Alexandra Kerr on the Resource Curse

by Development Channel Staff
Miners pan for diamonds in eastern Sierra Leone, April 2012 (Courtesy Reuters/Finbarr O'Reilly). Miners pan for diamonds in eastern Sierra Leone, April 2012 (Courtesy Reuters/Finbarr O'Reilly).

In a guest post on Stewart Patrick’s blog, Alexandra Kerr, program coordinator of CFR’s International Institutions and Global Governance program, discusses the need for transparency in solving the “resource curse,” which refers to the theory that natural resource wealth in poor countries can contribute to “conflict, poverty, and social and environmental degradation.” Read more »