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Showing posts for "Conflict"

Child Brides Caught in Conflict

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Krishna, above, was married when she was 11 and had her first child at age 14. Baran, India, January 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Danish Siddiqui). Krishna, above, was married when she was 11 and had her first child at age 14. Baran, India, January 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Danish Siddiqui).

In conflict zones, some families view child marriage as a way to preserve their daughter’s honor and protect her from the sexual assault and gender-based violence that commonly occurs in warzones and refugee camps. In reality, however, child marriage only further threatens girls in unstable environments.

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Is a Start-Up Spring Coming to the Middle East?

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Young entrepreneurs at Oasis 500, a seed investment firm based in Amman, Jordan that finances start-ups in the Middle East, November 2011. (Courtesy Reuters/Muhammad Hamed). Young entrepreneurs at Oasis 500, a seed investment firm based in Amman, Jordan that finances start-ups in the Middle East, November 2011. (Courtesy Reuters/Muhammad Hamed).

The Middle East is seldom associated with the start-up world. When thinking of the region, few imagine entrepreneurs working away, hustling to secure funding and find customers for their fledgling businesses. But that image is increasingly a reality. Read more »

New From CFR: Petroleum to the People

by Development Channel Staff
Nigerians scoop petrol after a Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation pipeline burst in April 2006 (Courtesy Reuters). Nigerians scoop petrol after a Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation pipeline burst in April 2006 (Courtesy Reuters).

In a recent Foreign Affairs article, Larry Diamond and Jack Mosbacher discuss Africa’s resource curse and development strategies that could help avoid it. Read more »

New From CFR: John Campbell on Doctors Without Borders Leaving Somalia

by Development Channel Staff
Residents stand outside a medical center run by Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) in central Mali, February 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Alain Amontchi). Residents stand outside a medical center run by Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) in central Mali, February 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Alain Amontchi).

Doctors Without Borders recently announced that they will be leaving Somalia, due to an uptick in violence against medical personnel. Read more »

New From CFR: Alexandra Kerr on the Resource Curse

by Development Channel Staff
Miners pan for diamonds in eastern Sierra Leone, April 2012 (Courtesy Reuters/Finbarr O'Reilly). Miners pan for diamonds in eastern Sierra Leone, April 2012 (Courtesy Reuters/Finbarr O'Reilly).

In a guest post on Stewart Patrick’s blog, Alexandra Kerr, program coordinator of CFR’s International Institutions and Global Governance program, discusses the need for transparency in solving the “resource curse,” which refers to the theory that natural resource wealth in poor countries can contribute to “conflict, poverty, and social and environmental degradation.” Read more »

New From CFR: Jim Sanders on Climate Change and Conflict

by Development Channel Staff
A burning palm oil plantation in Indonesia, June 2013 (Beawiharta/Courtesy Reuters). A burning palm oil plantation in Indonesia, June 2013 (Beawiharta/Courtesy Reuters).

In a guest post on John Campbell’s blog last week, Jim Sanders, a retired West Africa watcher for various U.S. federal agencies, discusses how climate change fuels conflict. Read more »

Emerging Voices: Ruth Canagarajah on Post-War Land Grabs in Sri Lanka

by Guest Blogger for Isobel Coleman
Chili-pickers near the High Security Zone border in Valikamam North, Sri Lanka (Image by author). Chili-pickers near the High Security Zone border in Valikamam North, Sri Lanka (Image by author).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is from Ruth Canagarajah, a Fulbright fellow in northern Sri Lanka who is researching the intersection of natural resources, livelihoods, and post-war challenges. Here she analyzes the impact of military land grabs on Sri Lanka’s post-war recovery process.

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Promoting Inclusive Growth After Conflict

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
A UN peacekeeping patrol drives through the eastern Congolese city of Goma, July 23, 2012 (James Akena/Courtesy Reuters). A UN peacekeeping patrol drives through the eastern Congolese city of Goma, July 23, 2012 (James Akena/Courtesy Reuters).

In the aftermath of war securing economic stability and reviving institutions are among the first priorities. As a CFR Working Paper I wrote last year noted, “negative economic shocks of just 5 percent can increase the risk of a civil war by as much as 50 percent in fragile environments. Read more »

Afghanistan’s Overlooked Economic Transition

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
An Afghan vendor deals with customers at a local market in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, December 2, 2012 (Ahmad Nadeem/Courtesy Reuters). An Afghan vendor deals with customers at a local market in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, December 2, 2012 (Ahmad Nadeem/Courtesy Reuters).

Much attention has been devoted to Afghanistan’s upcoming political and security transition, with Secretary of State John Kerry arriving in Kabul today for meetings with Afghan President Hamid Karzai. But one critical piece of the stability equation has been largely overlooked to date: economic transition. As 2014 approaches, a great deal of progress will either be built upon or lost.

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