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Showing posts for "Economic Growth"

Gender Equality and Smart U.S. Foreign Assistance

by Rachel Vogelstein
Women carry bricks on their back as they work at a brick factory in Bhaktapur, Nepal. (Courtesy Ahmad Masood/Reuters) Women carry bricks on their back as they work at a brick factory in Bhaktapur, Nepal, May 2015. (Courtesy Ahmad Masood/Reuters)

It has become axiomatic in international development that increasing economic opportunities for women contributes to economic growth. Organizations from the World Bank to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) have concluded that women’s participation in the economy is linked to poverty reduction and gross domestic product (GDP) growth. Today, the question is not whether women’s economic participation matters—rather, it is how to promote this goal most effectively.

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Expanding Private Sector Engagement in Developing Countries

by Guest Blogger for Shannon K. O'Neil
A construction worker takes measurements of roofing metal bars of a new hospital under construction in Hoima town, Uganda April 27, 2015 (Courtesy Reuters/James Akena). A construction worker takes measurements of roofing metal bars of a new hospital under construction in Hoima town, Uganda April 27, 2015 (Courtesy Reuters/James Akena).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners, highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Elizabeth Littlefield, president and chief executive officer of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the U.S. governments development finance institution.

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Moving Beyond Utopia to What’s Possible for 2030: Setting Realistic Sustainable Development Goals

by Guest Blogger for Shannon K. O'Neil
Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks at the plenary of the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development summit in Rio de Janeiro June 22, 2012 (Reuters/Paulo Whitaker). Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks at the plenary of the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development summit in Rio de Janeiro June 22, 2012 (Reuters/Paulo Whitaker).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Deirdre White, chief executive officer of PYXERA Global.

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India as Regional Power: Promoting Women’s Rights in Afghanistan

by Catherine Powell
India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi (L) speaks as Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani watches during the opening session of 18th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) summit in Kathmandu, Nepal, on November 26, 2014 (Courtesy Narendra Shrestha/Pool/Reuters). India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi (L) speaks as Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani watches during the opening session of 18th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) summit in Kathmandu, Nepal, on November 26, 2014 (Courtesy Narendra Shrestha/Pool/Reuters).

Last month’s decision by President Obama to extend the U.S. military presence in Afghanistan is an important step in securing the substantial American investment there. This extension—which is and should be temporary—is crucial to allow the Afghan government and security forces to build their capacity to maintain stability on the ground.

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Leveraging Tech Innovations in Development

by Shannon K. O'Neil
Flood victims show their ID cards to receive food rations at a distribution centre in Muzaffargarh district of Punjab province August 25, 2010 (Courtesy Reuters/Reinhard Krause). Flood victims show their ID cards to receive food rations at a distribution centre in Muzaffargarh district of Punjab province August 25, 2010 (Courtesy Reuters/Reinhard Krause).

Over the past decade, technology has begun to revolutionize industries ranging from education and healthcare to financial services and commerce. These transformations are not limited to the developed world – in emerging economies rapid mobile technology proliferation and internet penetration have had profound and unforeseen effects, including expanding financial inclusion through mobile banking services and facilitating employment through online and mobile job platforms.

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A Broader Definition of Security in Post-2014 Afghanistan

by Catherine Powell
U.S. Marines lower their flag during a handover ceremony, as the last U.S. Marines unit and British combat troops end their Afghan operations, in Helmand, Afghanistan, October 26, 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Omar Sobhani ). U.S. Marines lower their flag during a handover ceremony, as the last U.S. Marines unit and British combat troops end their Afghan operations, in Helmand, Afghanistan, October 26, 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Omar Sobhani ).

Earlier this month, the United States and NATO lowered the flags over their mission in Kabul in the first of two ceremonies that mark the end of the international combat mission in Afghanistan. Over the next few weeks, foreign troops in Afghanistan will be transitioning to a training and support role.

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Economic Opportunity and Human Rights on International Migrants Day

by Hannah Chartoff
Members of the Swiss UNIA workers union protest the Qatar 2022 World Cup in front of the headquarters of soccer's international governing body FIFA in Zurich, Switzerland, October 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Arnd Wiegmann). Members of the Swiss UNIA workers union protest the Qatar 2022 World Cup in front of the headquarters of soccer's international governing body FIFA in Zurich, Switzerland, October 2013 (Courtesy Reuters/Arnd Wiegmann).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Hannah Chartoff, a research associate at the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Behind the Numbers: Security, Stability, and the Afghan Economy

by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
A police officer is seen through the cracked window of a vehicle near the site of a suicide attack in Kabul, Afghanistan, on November 27, 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Mohammad Ismail). A police officer is seen through the cracked window of a vehicle near the site of a suicide attack in Kabul, Afghanistan, on November 27, 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Mohammad Ismail).

As Afghanistan looks toward its future, with a new president at the helm and the U.S. military presence drawing down, security remains among the country’s most daunting challenges going forward. Yet the growth of the country’s economy and political protections for Afghan women are also cause for concern for a large number of Afghans.

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Truly Sustainable Development Calls for Systemic Responses

by Guest Blogger for Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Orphans wait to be given snacks at the Mphandula Childcare Center at Namitete, outside Lilongwe, Malawi, April 2008 (Courtesy Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko). Orphans wait to be given snacks at the Mphandula Childcare Center at Namitete, outside Lilongwe, Malawi, April 2008 (Courtesy Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Alicia Ely Yamin, lecturer on global health and policy director of the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University.

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From the Board Room to the Factory Floor, Employing Women Is Smart Business

by Guest Blogger for Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Ethnic Dong women work at a tea leaf processing factory in Liping county, Guizhou province, China, March 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Sheng Li). Ethnic Dong women work at a tea leaf processing factory in Liping county, Guizhou province, China, March 2014 (Courtesy Reuters/Sheng Li).

Emerging Voices features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges. This article is by Henriette Kolb, head of the Gender Secretariat at the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and Nasim Novin, consultant at the IFC Gender Secretariat.

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