Benn Steil

Geo-Graphics

A graphical take on geoeconomic issues, with links to the news and expert commentary.

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Showing posts for "U.S."

China, not Piketty, Explains “Confused Signals” in U.S. Asset Prices

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
china drives down treasury yields

The FT’s Ed Luce recently took on the “confused signals” being sent by U.S. stock and bond prices moving in sync (upward).

Which is it, he asks?  Are economic prospects good, as stock prices suggest, or bleak, as bond prices suggest? Read more »

China’s RMB Fairly Valued, Euro Overvalued, According to Our Geo-Graphics iPad mini Index

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker

The “law of one price” holds that identical goods should trade for the same price in an efficient market. To what extent does it hold internationally?

The Economist magazine’s famous Big Mac Index uses the price of McDonald’s burgers around the world, expressed in a common currency (U.S. dollars), to estimate the extent to which various currencies are over- or under-valued. The Big Mac is a global product, identical across borders, which makes it an interesting one for this purpose. Yet it travels badly—cross-border flows of burgers won’t align their prices internationally. Read more »

“It’s (Still) the Inflation, Stupid.”

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
inflation and unemployment v targets

Fed officials have been tripping over themselves and each other trying to explain to the world what the right measure of unemployment is and how it should affect what the Fed does.

Using the headline unemployment rate (“U-3”) in official communications hasn’t worked out so well.  Last June, then-Chairman Ben Bernanke suggested that the taper would end with U-3 around 7%; in fact, taper only started with U-3 below that level, at 6.6%.  The FOMC’s December 2012 forward guidance specified a 6.5% threshold for potential rate rises; yet now, with unemployment barely above this, we have NY Fed President Bill Dudley arguing that the guidance should be discarded entirely, as the number is “not providing a lot of value right now in terms of our communications.” Read more »

Lew Does Not Need IMF Reform to Aid Ukraine

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
Ukraine IMF

The new provisional government in Ukraine is seeking $15 billion in assistance from the International Monetary Fund.  This would represent 700% of the country’s quota with the Fund, added on top of the loans it has already outstanding, amounting to 214% of its quota. Read more »

“It’s the Growth, Stupid” (Or Half of It): Unemployment in North Carolina

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
north carolina

In July, North Carolina cut off unemployment benefits for those who have been on benefits for 19 weeks, down from 99.  This made it a test run for what would happen nationally after January 1, when the federal extension of unemployment benefits expired. Read more »

Which Fed Guidance Should We Believe?

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
forward guidance

In October 2012, the Fed issued what came to be called a “pledge” to keep its target interest rate near zero through mid-2015.  The market immediately reacted as the Fed wanted, centering expectations on a rate hike in mid-2015.

At its next meeting, the Fed abandoned date-based guidance in favor of data-based guidance: a pledge to keep rates near zero until the unemployment rate fell below 6.5%.  The Fed emphasized, however, that the two pledges were consistent, as it didn’t expect unemployment to fall below that level until mid-2015. Read more »

“It’s the Inflation, Stupid”

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
dual mandate

“Based on labor market data alone, the probability of a reduction in the pace of asset purchases has increased,” said Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis President James Bullard on December 9.  Indeed, Fed watchers have been firmly focused on the improving labor market data in their handicapping of the prospects for an imminent Fed “taper” of its monthly asset purchases, known as “QE3,” which it began back in September 2012. Read more »

Why the Labor Data Point to a September Fed Taper

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
LPFR and discouraged workers

The August “jobs report is an important reminder that all this tapering talk is insane and dangerous,” pronounced Slate economics writer Matt Yglesias, reflecting the consensus of the econo-commentariat.  But as today’s Geo-Graphic shows, the report is actually wholly consistent with a September Fed taper. Read more »

Fed Taper Talk Jolts Rate Expectations for 2015

by Benn Steil and Dinah Walker
taper expectations

From September 2012 to March of this year, the Fed had been remarkably successful at guiding the market’s expectations for future interest rates through publication of its unemployment projections.  As today’s Geo-Graphic shows, when the Fed lowered its unemployment projection for a given future date the market raised its projection for interest rates around that date proportionately.  It was a tightly correlated dance. Read more »