On July 28, 1914, Austria declared war on Serbia, triggering what became World War I. Known at the time as the Great War, it was a defining event of the twentieth century. Directly and indirectly it led to the deaths of more than 15 million people, cast four empires on the ash heap of history, and set Europe on the path to World War II. The Internet is full of information on the World War I. Like all things online, however, some resources are better than others. Here are some useful English-language websites to learn more about the war that changed the course of history.
If you love maps, Vox explains World War I in forty maps. If you’re looking for a play-by-play of armies moving across Europe, be sure to check out the maps in West Point’s Campaign Atlas to the Great War.
For Anglophiles, the BBC commemorates the war with especially interesting looks into Britain’s war experience. For personal stories, Britain’s Imperial War Museum has started a crowdsourcing project to create a digital archive that memorializes every British and Commonwealth citizen who served in the war. It’s still a work in progress.
For those of you who aren’t sure history is your thing, check out the Wall Street Journal’s one hundred legacies from World War I. You’ll be surprised how many wartime developments still affect the world today. The Great War led to wristwatches, canned food, daylight-saving time, and more.
If you’re looking for primary sources or doing archival research, try these sites:
• FirstWorldWar.com has collected primary documents, photos, maps, and more. It is one of the most easily navigable sites for basic information on the war.
• The Library of Congress has a guide to its World War I materials and a collection of World War I posters.
• The British Library presents primary documents and other articles and resources as part of the Europeana 1914-1918 project, which “mixes resources from libraries and archives across the globe with memories and memorabilia from families throughout Europe.”
• The British National Archives has an extensive collection of the United Kingdom’s official war records.
• The University of Wisconsin has a digital World War I collection of primary sources from the war, with particular emphasis on rescue and relief efforts and propaganda materials.
If you’re looking for a video crash course on World War I, try these YouTube videos:
Meanwhile, if audio is your preferred medium, Margaret MacMillan is doing a 1914: Day by Day series for BBC Radio 4 that provides a play-by-play of events leading up to the war.
There are even a few World War I Twitter accounts:
• The BBC is tweeting about “new perspectives on the war that changed everything,” drawing heavily on the BBC archives.
• The Imperial War Museum is highlighting events that commemorate the war.
• You can follow accounts that will be live-tweeting the war as it happened one hundred years ago here and here.
For more of World War I online, check out the U.S. National Archives’ list of World War I online resources.
I know there are plenty of other websites I’ve missed. What World War I websites, whether in English or another language, would you recommend?
For more suggested resources on World War I, check out the other posts in this series: