Stewart M. Patrick

The Internationalist

Patrick assesses the future of world order, state sovereignty, and multilateral cooperation.

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Who Have Been the Best WHO Director-Generals?

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
World Health Organization Director-General Margaret Chan speaks (R) during a news conference in Seoul, South Korea. (Kim Hong-Ji/Reuters) World Health Organization Director-General Margaret Chan speaks (R) during a news conference in Seoul, South Korea. (Kim Hong-Ji/Reuters)

The following is a guest post by my colleague Yanzhong Huang, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations, and his research associate Gabriella Meltzer. Read more »

Who is the Likely Forerunner in the WHO Director-General Election?

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
World Health Organisation Director-General Margaret Chan attends the 69th World Health Assembly at the United Nations European headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. (Denis Balibouse/Reuters) World Health Organisation Director-General Margaret Chan attends the 69th World Health Assembly at the United Nations European headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. (Denis Balibouse/Reuters)

The following is a guest post by my colleague Yanzhong Huang, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations, and his research associate Gabriella Meltzer. Read more »

ICC on Ice?

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
Members of the civil society demonstrate in support of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Kenya's capital Nairobi January 18, 2011. (Noor Khamis/Reuters) Members of the civil society demonstrate in support of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Kenya's capital Nairobi January 18, 2011. (Noor Khamis/Reuters)

The following is a guest post by Theresa Lou, research associate in the International Institutions and Global Governance program.

After Burundian lawmakers voted overwhelmingly to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) on October 12, South Africa and Gambia quickly followed suit and declared their own decisions to leave the court. This isn’t the first time that member nations have threatened to withdraw from the court, but none has ever followed through. This time, however, the ICC’s future seems less certain. Other ICC members, such as Kenya and Uganda, may seek to “capitalize on the momentum,” as Indiana University Professor David Bosco told the New York Times, prompting concerns that the ICC will soon face an African exodus. Read more »

Podcast: The Next WHO DG: What Skills and Experiences are we Looking For?

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Margaret Chan delivers her speech to the 69th World Health Assembly at the United Nations European headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, May 23, 2016. (Denis Balibouse/Reuters) World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Margaret Chan delivers her speech to the 69th World Health Assembly at the United Nations European headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, May 23, 2016. (Denis Balibouse/Reuters)

The following is a guest post by my colleague Yanzhong Huang, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations.

The Ebola epidemic undermined the confidence that states and the international community had in the World Health Organization (WHO) and its ability to fully implement its own International Health Regulations.  Restoring respect for the underfunded and overstretched WHO will prove a massive challenge for the new Director-General (DG), who will succeed Margaret Chan when her term ends on July 1, 2017.  This third podcast assesses the current WHO leadership’s efforts to reform the organization while tackling other global health challenges.  It will also outline the skills, experience, and leadership a DG will need to steer the agency in a direction that can make it a true guardian of global health. Read more »

UN Peacekeeping: Challenges Loom Ahead of London Summit

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
UN peacekeepers stand guard during a visit by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to an internally displaced persons camp in the United Nations Mission in South Sudan  on May 6, 2014.  (Andreea Campeanu/Reuters) UN peacekeepers stand guard during a visit by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to an internally displaced persons camp in the United Nations Mission in South Sudan on May 6, 2014. (Andreea Campeanu/Reuters)

The following is a guest post by Megan Roberts, associate director of the International Institutions and Global Governance program at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Later this week, U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter and his counterparts from around the world will gather in London to assess the state of UN peace operations. The meeting is a follow-up on a summit hosted by President Obama on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in 2015. At that event, nearly fifty world leaders committed to modernizing UN peacekeeping, pledging over 40,000 troops as well as critical enablers such as helicopters and hospital units to missions around the world. Coming on the heels of a seminal review of UN peacekeeping, the conference also generated a new optimism that after years of inaction, member states were finally prepared to close the gap between the expanding mandates of and the resources and capabilities devoted to peace operations. Read more »

Podcast: An Assessment of Former WHO Director-Generals and Previous Rounds of Director-General Elections

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
A delegate walks past portraits of former WHO Director-Generals Lee Jong-wook of South Korea (2003-2006), Gro Harlem Brundtland of Norway (1998-2003) and Hiroshi Nakajima of Japan (1988-1998) (L-R) before the opening of the World Health Organization (WHO) Executive Board meeting on November 6, 2006. (Denis Balibouse /Reuters) A delegate walks past portraits of former WHO Director-Generals Lee Jong-wook of South Korea (2003-2006), Gro Harlem Brundtland of Norway (1998-2003) and Hiroshi Nakajima of Japan (1988-1998) (L-R) before the opening of the World Health Organization (WHO) Executive Board meeting on November 6, 2006. (Denis Balibouse /Reuters)

The following is a guest post by my colleague Yanzhong Huang, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Since 1948, seven individuals have served as the WHO director-general. Each was elected through a process that involved alliance formation and deal striking, and after election, each achieved varying degrees of success in terms of reforming the organization and fulfilling its mandate. If we agree that the DG’s leadership capabilities impact the performance of the WHO as an organization, and that what happened at an earlier point in time will affect the possible outcomes of a sequence of events occurring at a later point in time, it will be interesting to see what implications past experiences have for the upcoming DG election and the future of global health governance. Read more »

An Ever Closer (African) Union

by Stewart M. Patrick and Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
Women stand in front of some of the flags representing the 54 sovereign states that are members of the AU, at the end of the 25th African Union summit in Johannesburg, June 15, 2015.  (Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters) Women stand in front of some of the flags representing the 54 sovereign states that are members of the AU, at the end of the 25th African Union summit in Johannesburg, June 15, 2015. (Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters)

Coauthored with Drew D’Alelio, intern in the International Institutions and Global Governance program at the Council on Foreign Relations.

The rise of populism has been widely interpreted as a global phenomenon, from Donald Trump’s surge in the United States to Brexit in Europe to the election of Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines. At last month’s African Union Summit in Rwanda, however, few gave integration a bad name. Heads of state lavished praise on the African Union’s (AU) efforts to develop a common passport, while subregional blocs made advances toward a single currency. Having seen the downside of decades of fragmentation and severe restrictions on the free movement of people and goods in Africa, leaders appear determined to buck the trend. Nevertheless, the anti-globalization wave across the West ought to give Africans pause as they speed ahead in their quest for a unified continent encompassing twice the population of the European Union. Read more »

Help Wanted: Staffing the Next Secretary-General’s United Nations

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
Candidates vying to become the next United Nations secretary-general debate in the UN General Assembly in New York on July 12, 2016. From left to right are Natalia Gherman, Vuk Jeremic, Susana Malcorra, António Guterres, and Vesna Pusic. Candidates vying to become the next United Nations secretary-general debate in the UN General Assembly in New York on July 12, 2016. From left to right are Natalia Gherman, Vuk Jeremic, Susana Malcorra, António Guterres, and Vesna Pusic (Mike Segar/Reuters).

The following is a guest post by Megan Roberts, associate director of the International Institutions and Global Governance program at the Council on Foreign Relations.

This week the UN Security Council will conduct a second straw poll in the race to select the ninth secretary-general (SG) of the United Nations. António Guterres, who recently stepped down from a ten-year run as UN high commissioner for refugees, emerged as the surprise early frontrunner after the first poll. However, the Council’s final choice likely won’t be known until the fall, and those watching the race should expect many twists in between. More important than who is selected is whether the process paves the way for real reform in how the UN chooses its senior leaders. Read more »

Podcast: The Next Director-General of the World Health Organization

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Margaret Chan leaves the podium after her speech at the sixty-ninth World Health Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland, on May 23, 2016. World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Margaret Chan leaves the podium after her speech at the sixty-ninth World Health Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland, on May 23, 2016 (Denis Balibouse/Reuters).

The following is a guest post by my colleague Yanzhong Huang, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations.

The term of the current director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO) ends around July 1, 2017. The leadership transition comes at a pivotal moment for global health and the WHO itself, given criticism over the agency’s handling of the West African Ebola epidemic, its years-long “reform” process, dwindling finances, and the growing threat of Zika virus. This election also marks a departure for the WHO: amid calls for a more democratic election process, the WHO executive board will narrow the field to three candidates, to be voted upon through secret ballots by the May 2017 World Health Assembly, the organization’s decision-making body consisting of all 194 member states. Read more »

International (Non-)Cooperation in a Changing World Order

by Guest Blogger for Stewart M. Patrick
U.S. President Barack Obama extends his hand to Russian President Vladimir Putin during their meeting at the United Nations General Assembly in New York on September 28, 2015. U.S. President Barack Obama extends his hand to Russian President Vladimir Putin during their meeting at the United Nations General Assembly in New York on September 28, 2015 (Kevin Lamarque/Reuters).

The following is a guest post by Terrence Mullan, program coordinator of the International Institutions and Global Governance program at the Council on Foreign Relations. Read more »