The following is a guest post by Theresa Lou, research associate in the International Institutions and Global Governance program.
The Arctic is changing rapidly. It is warming at twice the rate as the rest of the planet, causing sea ice to melt and water levels to rise. Once considered the world’s least accessible ocean, the Arctic Ocean now contains additional sea routes for shipping and commercial activity. Countries such as China and Russia—eager for emerging economic opportunities—are investing new resources in the region as the United States lags behind. Meanwhile, rising sea levels and erratic weather patterns are endangering coastal communities in all Arctic nations. Read more »