Varun Sivaram

Energy, Security, and Climate

CFR experts examine the science and foreign policy surrounding climate change, energy, and nuclear security.

Will China and India Undermine Sanctions Against Iran?

by Michael Levi Tuesday, January 31, 2012

If analysts and reporters know one thing about sanctions, it’s that if you don’t have complete international cooperation, they don’t work. That instinct has been on full display in recent discussions of oil market sanctions targeted at the Iranian nuclear program. Yes, the United States and Europe might refrain from buying Iranian oil, but so long as China and India are willing to buy the surplus crude, won’t the sanctions be toothless? Read more »

How Not To Argue That We’re Running Out Of Affordable Oil

by Michael Levi Friday, January 27, 2012

I made a New Year’s resolution to spend less time on this blog explaining why other people are wrong.

But New Year’s resolutions are meant to be broken — and some things just beg for intervention. That’s unfortunately the case with “Oil’s Tipping Point Has Passed”, an essay in the current issue of Nature by James Murray, an oceanographer at the University of Washington, and David King, a chemist who was chief scientific advisor to Tony Blair and now heads the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at Oxford. Read more »

Would Natural Gas Exports Make U.S. Prices More Volatile?

by Michael Levi Tuesday, January 17, 2012

Debate over whether the United States should export natural gas is heating up. One of the most common questions being asked is whether allowing exports would increase price volatility in the U.S. natural gas market. Since a post I wrote last spring is apparently being invoked by people who are worried about volatility, I thought I’d weigh in. Read more »